Meaning of Line | Types of Lines | Importance/Uses of Lines Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

Last Updated on August 16, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

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CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS

FIRST TERM

WEEK 3

PRIMARY 4

THEME: ARTS AND CRAFTS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Elements of Design and Principles of Design | Elements of Design | Principles of Designs | Importance of Elements of Design and Principles of Design Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Cultural and Creative Arts

 

TOPIC – MEANING AND TYPES OF LINES 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Line

3. Types of Lines

4. Importance/Uses of Lines

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. explain the meaning of lines;

2. mention types of lines;

3. draw lines;

4. make decorative designs with lines.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify and draw different types of lines.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Pictures

2. Books

3. Ruler

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4. Pencil

5. Paper

6. Cardboard sheets

7. Samples of line decorations

8. Eraser

9. board, etc.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book – Fundamentals of Cultural and Creative Art Book 4

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON ONE

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY QUESTION

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils to bring out their pencil and ruler to draw a straight line. Draw a curve line and ask them to compare the line on the board to the one they drawn.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively drawing activities. The line on the board is a curve (bend) line. We have drawn a straight line.

Teacher’s remark – Good job you. Line is one of the elements of design as discussed in our previous lesson. It is very important in design.

Draw thin and thick lines, horizontal and vertical lines, broke and dotted lines, etc. for the pupils to identify and compare the lines. Discuss the meaning and types of lines on the board.

 

MEANING OF LINE

A line is a straight or curved mark made by marking materials like pen, pencil, etc.

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A line can be thin or thick line. When two or more lines are combined, a shape, image or sign is formed. Line is one of the important elements of design.

 

TYPES OF LINES 

1. VERTICAL LINES 

Vertical lines are straight lines that move up and down without any slant.

 

 

2. HORIZONTAL LINES 

Horizontal lines are straight lines that are parallel to the horizon.

 

 

3. DIAGONAL LINES 

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Diagonal lines are straight thin or thick lines that slant.

 

 

4. ZIGZAG LINES 

Zigzag lines are straight thin or thick lines made from a combination of diagonal lines.

 

 

5. CURVED LINES 

 Curved lines are thin or thick lines that change direction gradually.

 

 

6. DOTTED LINES 

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Dotted lines are lines made up of a series of dots.

 

 

7. DASH LINES 

Dotted lines are lines made up of a series of dots.

 

 

8. PARALLEL LINES 

Parallel lines are lines in a plane that are always the same distance apart. For example, equal sign.

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9. PERPENDICULAR LINES 

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Perpendicular lines are lines that intersect at right angles. For example, a cross or addiction sign.

 

LESSON 2 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

ACTIVITY 1

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing road signs, road marking, football pitch, etc. for the pupils to identify and lead them to discuss the importance of lines.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.

Teacher’s remark – The importance of lines are undeniable. As you can see the picture, line shows direction, etc. Summary the key points on the board.

 

USES/IMPORTANCE OF LINES 

1. It is used to indicate a part.

2. It is used show direction.

3. It is used as a symbol.

4. It is used as a plan.

5. It is used to make a sketch.

6. It is used to mark out.

7. It is used to cut out a part.

8. It is used as measurement.

 

ACTIVITY 2 

Teacher’s Activities – Give the pupils the following instructions:

  • Draw a straight, horizontal line using a ruler.

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  • Make a shorter vertical line coming down from one end of the first line.
  • Draw a horizontal line coming off the bottom end of the vertical line.
  • Draw a vertical line between the ends of the two horizontal lines.

What shape is this?

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively and follow the teacher’s instructions. This is a rectangle.

Teacher’s remark – Correct. A shape is formed when two or more lines are drawn or combined.

 

LESSON 3 – FURTHER ACTIVITIES

Instruction 1.

  • Draw a large upside down “V”.
  • Draw a straight line at an upward angle to the left.
  • Draw a straight horizontal line across your drawing, ending at the right side.
  • Draw a straight line at a downward angle back to your starting point.
  • Lift your pencil from the paper.
  • Erase the lines well if you don’t want them to be visible in the center of the star.

What shape is this?

Reference – Wiki How Dot Com

 

INSTRUCTION FOR DRAWING PATTERNS 

INSTRUCTION 2

  • Draw a row of dots.
  • Draw a small circle around each dot.

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  • Draw a bigger circle around the circles you just drew.
  • draw flower petal shapes around each circle.
  • Under each flower, draw a small circle.
  • In between each flower, draw 2 raindrop shapes. One raindrop shape will veer left and the other will veer right.

 

EXPECTED PATTERN

 

INSTRUCTION 3

  • Draw a row of dots.
  • Draw a small circle around each dot.
  • Draw another circle around each circle.
  • Draw a very small circle at the top and bottom and left and right of each circle.
  • Draw a curve connecting each small bottom circle to the one next to it.
  • Draw a curve connecting each small top circle to the one next to it.
  • In between each circular shape, on the bottom draw two raindrop shapes: one leaning left and one leaning right.
  • In between each circular shape, on the top draw two UPSIDE down raindrop shapes: one leaning left and one leaning right.
  • On top and on bottom, draw a row of “bumps” or “humps”.

 

EXPECTED PATTERN

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Reference – Art Is Fun Dot Com

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Explains different types of lines with the aid of diagrams.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen and observe demonstration on how to use lines in designs.

3. Demonstrates how to use lines in designs.

Pupil’s Activities – Draw lines to create designs.

4. Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Displays Pupil’s finished works.

5. Demonstrates how lines and curves can be combined to create patterns;

Pupil’s Activities – Create patterns using lines and curves.

6. Summary the key points on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher write.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON – Shapes

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. name types of lines;

2. draw some lines and curves;

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3. arrange lines and curves to form patterns;

4. display work.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ________ is a straight or curved mark made by marking materials like pen, pencil, etc.

A. Line

B. Dot

C. Design

 

2. When two or more lines are combined, a ________ is formed.

A. image

B. shape

C. A and B

 

3. Line is one of the important ________.

A. principles of design

B. elements of design

C. Art of design

 

4. ________ is straight line that move up and down without any slant.

A. Horizontal line

B. Diagonal line

C. Vertical line

 

5. ________ is straight line that are parallel to the horizon.

A. Horizontal line

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B. Diagonal line

C. Vertical line

 

6. ________ are straight thin or thick lines that slant.

A. Horizontal line

B. Diagonal line

C. Vertical line

 

7. ________ are straight thin or thick lines made from a combination of diagonal lines.

A. Zigzag line

B. Dotted line

C. Curve line

 

8. ________ are thin or thick lines that change direction gradually.

A. Zigzag line

B. Dotted line

C. Curve line

 

9. ________ is a line made up of a series of dots.

A. Zigzag line

B. Dotted line

C. Curve line

 

10. ________ is a line made up of a series of broken lines.

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A. Zigzag line

B. Dotted line

C. Dash line

 

11. ________ are lines in a plane that are always the same distance apart.

A. Two lines

B. Perpendicular lines

C. Parallel line

 

12. ________ are lines that intersect at right angles.

A. Two lines

B. Perpendicular lines

C. Parallel line

 

13. ________ and ________ signs are examples of parallel and perpendicular lines respectively.

A. Equal and addition

B. Addition and subtraction

C. Multiplication and division

 

Draw the following lines:

14. Straight line

 

15. Vertical line

 

16. Horizontal line

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17. Dotted line

 

18. Zigzag line

 

19. Parallel line

 

20. Perpendicular line