Land Pollution (Primary 5)

Last Updated on July 17, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

FIRST TERM

THIRD WEEK

BASIC 5

THEME: ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES 

TOPIC: Land pollution

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Land Pollution

2. Examples of Land Pollutants

3. Consequences of Land Pollution

4. Prevention of Land Pollution

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. define pollution and list some land pollutants;

2. list common sources of pollution;

3. describe the consequences of land pollution on the people and on the environment;

4. describe the roles of the communities, industries and oil exploration in land pollution;

5. suggest ways of reducing the risks of pollution.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils are required to already have learned water and air pollution.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Photographs and charts showing polluted land, industries letting, fumes on the land.

2. Posters/ photographs showing areas affected by oil spillage.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

Land pollution occurs when unwanted stuff (waste materials) and harmful substances (chemicals) are released into/on the land.

 

 

 

CAUSES OF LAND POLLUTION 

1. Refuse

2. Deforestation

3. Bush burning

4. Soil erosion

5. Agricultural activities

6. Mining activities

7. Overcrowded landfills

8. Construction activities

9. Human sewage

 

EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION 

1. Loss of top most soil

2. Soil pollution

3. Water and air pollution

4. Climactic change

5. Effect on human health

6. Increased risk of wildfires

7. Cause Air pollution

8. Distraction for Tourist

 

 

PREVENTION OF LAND POLLUTION 

1. Raising awareness

2. Reduce, Recycle and Reuse

5. Proper waste disposal

4. Afforestation

6. Law and order

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Shows pictures of polluted land;

Pupil’s Activities – Look at pictures of polluted land and describe what they observe.

3. Arranges for pupils to visit industrial areas and observe the emission of gases into the land; the release of effluent waste on the land;

4. Guides pupils’ discussion on the various ways the community, industries etc. pollute land;

Pupil’s Activities – Visit industrial areas to observe ways industries pollute land.

5. Guides discussion on measures of controlling.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the discussion.

6. Summarize the lesson;

Pupil’s Activities – Note taking.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. describe pollution and list five land pollutants respectively;

2. identify three sources of air and land pollution respectively

3. state three consequences each of land pollution on people and the environment;

4. suggest three ways of controlling or reducing the risks of  land pollution.

 

 

 

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