Stitches – Types and Uses

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

HOME ECONOMICS 

SECOND TERM      

WEEK 

PRIMARY 

TOPIC: Stitches – Types and Uses 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

  1. define stitches.
  2. classify types of stitch.
  3. state the general uses of stitches.
  4. describe the steps in making both temporary, permanent and decorative stitches.
  5. produce articles using the different types of stitch

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Charts showing stages of making stitches
  2. Pieces of fabric for making stitches
  3. Sewing tools – needle, pins, tapes…
  4. An album showing stages of making temporary, permanent and decorative stitches

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

STITCHES 

A stitch is the joining of two pieces of material with a line of stitches.

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR STITCHES 

  1. Needles
  2. Thread
  3. Scissors
  4. Ruler
  5. Tailor’s chalk or marking pencil
  6. Straight pins

TYPES OF STITCH 

  1. Temporary stitches are used for joining materials temporarily before a permanent stitch in made.
  2. Permanent stitches are used for mending and they are not easily removable. These stitches are made permanent on the fabric and need not be removed later like Temporary stitches.
  3. Decorative stitches are used for decorating fabrics or clothes.

USES OF STITCHES 

  1. It is used for joining two or more pieces of materials together.
  2. It is used for mending clothes.
  3. It is used for embroidery, making design and decoration.

GUIDELINES OF MAKING DIFFERENT TYPES OF STITCH

  • TEMPORARY STITCHES 

The stitch is worked from right to left, starting with a knot in a contrasting color thread, so that it can be easily removed.

  • PERMANENT STITCHES 

Working from left to right, take a small stitch, then insert the needle at the end of the previous stitch, bringing it out beyond the point where the thread emerges. Continue, always inserting the needle in the end of the previous stitch.

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – PRODUCTION OF ARTICLES WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF DECORATIVE STITCHES 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Explains the meaning of stitches.
  3. Lists the different classes of stitch.
  4. Pupil’s Activities – Participate in class discussions.
  5. Demonstrates the process of making temporary, permanent and decorative stitches.
  6. Pupil’s Activities – Practice the making of temporary, permanent and decorative stitches.
  7. Use different types of stitches in producing food cover, pillow slips/cases, head band.
  8. Pupil’s Activities – Produce articles using different stitches.
  9.  Give a board summary.

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – related posts.

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

  1. define stitches.
  2. identify the classes and types of stitches.
  3. state three uses of stitches.
  4. describe the steps in making stitches.
  5. make specimens of temporary, permanent and decorative stitches.
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