Nutritional deficiency and Diseases (Primary 4)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4 

THEME – FOOD NUTRITION 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – MEANING AND IMPORTANCE NUTRITION PRIMARY 4

TOPIC – NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY AND DISEASES 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. mention sources of food nutrients;

2. list three nutritional diseases.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Balanced Diet

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of chart showing classes of food.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION

Food nutrition is the essential substance present in the food that help the body to function well. It helps the body to prevent disease and promotes good health.

 

SOURCES OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

Carbohydrates

These are energy – giving foods – rice, bread, yam, etc.

 

Proteins

These are body – building foods – beef, egg, fish, etc.

 

Vitamins

These food substances protect the body from diseases – fruits and vegetables.

 

Minerals

These food substances protect the body from diseases – milk, salt, red meat, etc.

 

Fats and oil

These food substances, like carbohydrates, also provide energy for work and play – salmon fish, groundnut, olive oil, etc.

 

Water

This is very important. About 97% of our body is water. Water helps the digestion of food and removal of waste products from the body through excretion, urinating, respiration and perspiration (sweating). It also helps the flow of blood.

 

MEANING OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY 

Nutritional deficiency is an inadequate supply of essential nutrients such as vitamins and minerals in the diet resulting in malnutrition or disease.

Diseases that result from malnutrition include –

1. Kwashiorkor

2. Rickets

3. Pellagra

4. Scurvy

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Leads pupils to list the sources of food nutrients;

Pupil’s Activities – With the help of the teacher mention the sources of food nutrients.

3. Discusses with the pupils nutritional deficiency and the common diseases.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the discussion and state the common nutritional deficiency.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Next Lesson –

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. mention sources of food nutrients;

2. list three nutritional diseases.

 

 

 

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