Animals Feeds and Feeding Tools Basic 8 (JSS 2)

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL 2

THEME – LIVESTOCK

TOPIC – ANIMAL FEEDS AND FEEDING

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Animal Feeds

2. Types of Animal Feeds

3. Feeding Tools

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. state the meaning of feed.

2. list types of feeds stuffs.

3. mention feeding tools.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Farm Animals

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Samples of feeds eg groundnut cakes, hay, including poultry feeds, etc.

2. Feeding tools – silage feeding trough, etc.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

6. Classes and Uses of Farm Animals Basic 7 (JSS 1)

7. Animals Pests and Disease Control Basic 8 (JSS 2)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

MEANING OF FEEDS 

Animal Feeds are the food given to farm animals for growth and reproduction. Animals need feed on daily basis for them to grow and reproduce. There are two basic types – fodder and forage.

 

TYPES OF FEED 

There are two basic types

1. Fodder

These are foods given to the farm animals which including plants cut and carried to them.

 

2. Forage

Forage is a plant material which mainly plant leaves and stems eaten by grazing farm animals. That’s, plants eaten by the animals directly as pasture, crop residue, or immature cereal crops. Forage are cut and carried to farm animals as fodder. For example, silage, hay and chaff.

 

Fodder and forage are classified in energy, protein, mineral and vitamins yielding feeds.

 

FEEDING TOOLS 

1. Troughs

2. Drinker set

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Exhibit samples of feedstuffs such as groundnut cake, palm kernel cake, cotton seed cake, forage, silage, hay, etc.

Student’s Activities – Identify the nutrients got from the various samples of feedstuffs.

3. Display feeding tools.

Student’s Activities – Identify the various feeding tools.

4. Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Use the feedstuffs to feed farm animals.

5. Give a board summary.

Student’s Activities – Copy the summary.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. state what animal feed stand for.

2. list 3 types of feedstuffs.

3. name 2 feeding tools.

 

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