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Aural Discrimination – Consonants /t/ and /ð/, /ɭ/ and /r/, /s/ and /z/ (Primary 4)

 

ENGLISH STUDIES

SECOND TERM      

WEEK 8

PRIMARY 4

THEME: STRUCTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – Aural Discrimination – Consonants /v/ and /f/ (Primary 4)

TOPIC: AURAL DISCRIMINATION CONSONANTS

LEARNING AREA

1. /t/ and /ð/

2. /ɭ/ and /r/

3. /s/ and /z/

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

1. distinguish between the sounds – /t/ and /ð/, /ɭ/ and /r/, /s/ and /z/

2. recognize the sounds in words.

3. draw the contrast between sounds when they use the words and

4. discriminate between two pairs of consonants – tin and thin.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Course book.

2. Any suitable book on English phonetics.

3. Tape recorder with speech cassettes.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

AURAL DISCRIMINATION CONSONANTS 

1. /t/ and /ð/

2. /ɭ/ and /r/

3. /s/ and /z/

 

DISTINGUISHES THE PAIR OF VOICED AND VOICELESS CONSONANT SOUNDS 

 

/t/ and /ð/

tin and thin

 

Module 7, Page 30D

 

/ɭ/ and /r/

late    rate

 

/s/ and /z/

price  size

 

Module 9, Page 38D

 

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

Practice A – /t/ and /ð/

1. tank and thank

2. tin and thin

3. wit and with

4. tree and three

 

Practice B – /d/ and /ð/

1. dear and there

2. wordy and worthy

3. dough and though

 

Practice C – /ɭ/ and /r/

1. low and row

2. late and rate

3. belly and berry

 

Practice D – /s/ and /z/

1. sip and zip

2. price and prize

3. seal and zeal

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Writes out the words and the sounds symbols.

Pupil’s Activities – Practice the new vowel and consonant sounds and in word context.

3. Pronounce the sounds.

Pupil’s Activities – Repeat after the teacher. Write the words and the sound symbols in their note books.

4. Drills the pupils on the sound distinctions in the words.

Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate the voiced and the voiceless consonants.

5. Writes and pronounce vowels and consonant sounds in the word contexts.

Pupil’s Activities – Pronunciation practices.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. do oral drills.

2. recognize the sound.

3. contrast the two vowel sounds and

4. distinguish between two pairs of consonant words.