# Basic Science JSS 1 Curriculum Guides – Meaning and Identification of Matter | Classification of Matter | Solid, Liquid and Gas

### BASIC SCIENCE

THEME – BASIC SCIENCE

TOPIC 1 – MATTER

CLASS – JSS 1

LEARNING AREA –

### INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Live specimen

2. Charts

3. Plastic containers

4. Polythene bags

### LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. recognize that all living and non-living things are made up of matter.

2. recognize things in our surroundings as matter.

3. list the three states of matter.

### FOCUS LESSONS

MEANING OF MATTER

Matter is around. Everything around us is made of matter – both living and non living made up of matter. The air, water, soil, rocks, plants, animals and even people are examples of matter.

Matter is everything around us that occupies space and has mass. Living and non living things are classified as matters in term of solids, liquids, and gases.

IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER

Matter is everything around us. Matter includes the air we breathe, water we drink, food we eat, crops we plant, animals we rear, etc. even our own body.

### CLASSIFICATION OF MATTER

Matter can be classified as –

1. Living and non living things

2. Solid, liquid and gas

### SOLID, LIQUID AND GAS

Matter exists in several different forms, called states. There are three (3) States of matter – Solid, Liquid and Gas

1. SOLID FORM

Solid matter is any object that has its own form and shape. Examples of solid objects are floors, pencils, plants, trees, cars, skin, books, ice, chairs, computers, etc.

2. LIQUID FORM

Liquid matter takes the shape of its container. It takes the shape of any object – cup, bowl, bottle, etc. that holds it. Examples of liquid are water, juice, oil, pap, tea, blood, kerosene, groundnut oil, etc.

3. GAS FORM

Gas is any substance like the air we breathe, steam from boiling water, smoke from the firewood, or exhaust from cars.

### LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. explains the meaning of matter.

2. takes students on nature walk to collect different samples of matter.

3. guides class in discussion on the three states of matter.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. take a nature walk and collect samples of matter.

2. observe the collected specimens and group them by shape, color and size.

3. participate in class discussion.

4. copy notes from the board.