SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (SSS 1)
THEME: CROP PRODUCTION
PREVIOUS LESSON –
TOPIC – CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
1. Introductory Activities
2. Classification of Crops based their Uses and Types
3. Classification of Crops based their Life Cycle
4. Classification of Crops based on Morphology
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives – classify crops based on
2. Life Cycle
The students can identified seeds, fruits or leaves crops.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Crop seeds
2. Fruits and leaves.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. National Curriculum for SSS Classes
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Farmers plant many crops for different reasons. They plant for foods or commercials. Crops are classified according to forms and lifespan and according to types and uses.
Crops include maize, rice, tomato, pepper, okro, kolanut, beans, groundnut, etc.
CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS BASED ON THEIR USES
There are many kinds of crops which can be classify according to types and uses as follows –
3. Roots and Tubers
These crops produce grains. Rice, wheat, maize, guinea corn, millets, etc. are examples of cereal crops.
These produce pods that bear seeds in rows. Soybean, pea, peanut, cowpea, etc. are examples of legume crops.
These crops are root crops. Potato, yam, cassava, Irish potato, etc. are examples of tuber crops.
Fruits crops produce mainly fruits. Orange, mango, pawpaw, apple, pineapple, banana, etc. are examples of fruits
Vegetables produce leaves, fruits and roots as food. Tomato, cabbage, okro, pepper, onion, carrot, etc. are examples of vegetables.
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THEIR LIFE CYCLE
Crops can be grouped according to their life span as follows –
Annual crops are crops that grow and live for about one year.
Maize, okro, onion and carrot, yam, maize, rice, groundnut, millet, garden egg, sorghum, cassava and potato are examples of annual crops.
Biennial crops are crops that grow and live for about two years.
Pepper, alligator pepper, plantain, sugarcane, pineapple and pawpaw are are examples of biennial crops.
Perennial crops are crops that grow and live for more two years.
Oil palm, cocoa, mango, citrus, guava and kola are examples of perennial crops.
These are crops marked by short life cycles. That’s, these crops germinate, produce seeds, flower, and die. For examples, tomatoes, etc.
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THEIR MORPHOLOGY
There are two major forms of crop plants –
1. Monocotyledon Crops
2. Dicotyledonous Crops
These crops are also known as monocotyledons or monocotyledonous crops.
The crops have one seed leaf after germination.
An example is the maize seedling.
These crops are also known as dicotyledons or dicotyledonous.
The crops have two seed leaf after germination.
An example is the bean seedling.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Display of a collection of crops seeds, fruits or leaves.
Student’s Activities – Observe and note the differences and group that each belongs.
3. Discuss the classification of crops with the students by encouraging active participation.
Student’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.
4. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Student’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask students to:
Identify and classify crops based on
2. lifecycles, and