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Clothing Construction Process I – Meaning (Methods) of Seam (Primary 4)

 

HOME ECONOMICS

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

THIRD TERM  

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME – CLOTHING AND TEXTILES 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Simple Decorative Stitches IV – Practical Work on Brown Paper on Blankets or Looping Stitches (Primary 4)

TOPIC – CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION PROCESS – SEAM 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Seam

2. Types of Seam

3. Meaning of Plain and Open Seam

4. Methods of Plain and Open Seam

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. explain seam and mention types of seam.

2. describe the steps for making plain and open seams.

4. produce an album showing stages of making plain and open seams.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Stitches

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Different garments showing different seams.

2. Charts showing stages of seam making.

3. Albums showing samples of stages of seam making.

4. Brown paper, coloured threads, scissors, needles, pins, etc.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

Clothing construction process is any activities that prepare you in advance for complete cloth construction.

This process involves measurement, cutting, sewing and designing a garment.

One of the clothing construction processes is known as SEAM.

 

 

MEANING OF SEAM 

Seam is a line where pieces of fabric and other materials are sewn together in a. garment. A garment is an item of clothing.

For example, sewing shoulders, sides, sleeves, waistline, collac, etc. together.

 

TYPES OF SEAM 

1.  Plain and Open seam

3. Run and Fell seam

4. French seam

 

MEANING OF PLAIN AND OPEN SEAM

Plain and open seam is a flat seam showing no stitches on the right side.

This is possible by sewing two pieces of fabric together with the wrong sides facing.

 

LESSON TWO – METHODS OF MAKING PLAIN AND OPEN SEAM

1. Cut two pieces of fabric materials to required length.

2. Place the two pieces of materials together, right side facing pin..

3. Tack together and stitch on the wrong side remove the pins..

4. Neaten the raw edges and press.

 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Demonstrate and Produce articles using plain and open seam. 

 

5. Display of simple plain and open articles on brown paper.

 

 

 

REVISION AND WEEK LESSON ASSESSMENT 

As stated in performance objectives or demonstrate by the pupils. 

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Defines a seam.

3. Discusses types of seam.

Pupil’s Activities – List the different types of seam.

4. Discusses the stages of making plan and open seam.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate and listen to the teacher.

5. Demonstrates the steps in making of plain and open seams.

6. Exhibits different types of seam – plain and open seam.

Pupil’s Activities

  • Examine open seam exhibited by the teacher.
  • Then practice and demonstrate how to make open seams on brown paper following teacher’s demonstration.
  • Make an album show stages of make plain and open seams.

7. Gives a board summary.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. explain the meaning of seam.

2. name two types of seam.

3. produce an album showing the steps of plain and open seam.