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Components of Civic Education – Democratic Practice and Community Values Primary 2 (Basic 2) Term 1 Week 4 Civic Education

 

CIVIC EDUCATION

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 6l4

PRIMARY 2

THEME – CIVIL RIGHTS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Components of Civic Education – Nationality, Rights and Duties Primary 2 (Basic 2) Term 1 Week 3 Civic Education

 

 

TOPIC – COMPONENTS OF CIVIC EDUCATION 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Components of Civic Education

3. Meaning of Democratic Practice and It Importance

4. Community’s Values

5. Revision and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

 

1. state the components of civic education.

2. describe the democratic process.

3. state the importance of democratic practice.

4. explain the importance of community’s values.

 

 

LEARNING BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can state some of the political parties in Nigeria.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of chart showing election process.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

Democracy is the voice and will of the people.

In democracy, the people decide how government is run by voting.

The government is designed for the people and by the people.

 

 

BENEFITS OF DEMOCRACY

The benefits of democracy and good governance include –

 

1. Political participation

2. Human rights

3. Access to justice

4. A good education

5. An improved quality of life

6. An healthy environment

7. Personal and collective security

 

 

DEMOCRATIC PRACTICE 

Democratic practices are different ways to work together as citizens despite our issues and differences.

Through democratic practice, the voice and the will of the people are guaranteed.

 

COMMON PRACTICE IN DEMOCRACY 

There are six (6) practices in democracy,

1. Free and fair election

2. Politic and civic life

3. Human rights

4. Rules of law

5. Checks and Balances

6. Separation of Powers

 

 

1. FREE AND FAIR ELECTION

Free and fair election is a system of choosing and replacing the government by voting in an election.

Free election is when all the citizens are able to vote for the candidate of their choice.

Fair election is when all votes have equal power and they are counted accurately.

 

2. POLITICS AND CIVIC LIFE 

Politics and civic life are the affair of the community or nation and how it is managed.

Politics are the activities that deal with people in groups and other forms of power.

Civic life are the affairs of the community and nation.

 

 

3. HUMAN RIGHTS 

Human rights are the privilege enjoy by the citizens of a country.

Through democratic process, the human rights are protected.

 

 

4. RULE OF LAW 

Rule of law describes the equality of all the citizens before the law.

The rule of law is apply equally to all citizens.

 

 

5. SEPARATION OF POWERS 

The principle of separation of power is the sharing of power between legislative, executive and judiciary.

 

6. CHECK AND BALANCE

Check and balance is the use of one branch of government to check and prevent other branches from abuse of power.

 

 

LESSON 2 – COMMUNITY VALUES

A community is an social place where people live and community.

People, animals, trees, buildings, water, the sky, etc. are parts of our community.

The community is well structured and organized environment that’s based on values.

These values are known as community’s values.

 

 

MEANING OF COMMUNITY’S VALUES 

Community’s values are generally acceptable standard of beliefs about what is good for the community.

 

EXAMPLES OF COMMUNITY’S VALUES 

The examples of community’s values are as follows:

1. Honesty

2.Tolerance

3. Respect

4. Forgiveness

5. Self-control

6. Humanness

7. Humidity

8. Moderation

8. Justice

9. Peace

10. Fairness

11. Involvement

12. Equity

13. Fairness

14. Generosity, etc.

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Teacher organizes the pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class and available instructional materials.

3. Teacher displays chart showing political parties in Nigeria.

4. Teacher lets pupils identify political parties and state some of their members.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners identify the major political parties and their members.

5. Teacher listens to pupils as groups or pairs and uses their relevant responses to introduce the lesson.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of lesson – democratic practice and community’s values.

6. Teacher leads a discussion on the meaning of democracy and it is practice.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners understand the concept of democracy and it is practice.

7. Teacher organize pupils to demonstrate democratic practice.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners demonstrate analyze democratic processes.

8. Teacher leads pupils within and around the school’s community to identify the features and describe how it’s organized.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners identify and appreciate the features in their communities.

 

9. Teacher uses the outdoor activities to leads a discussion community’s values with appropriate examples.

Pupil’s Activities – Learners state and analyze the acceptance values in their communities.

10. Teacher summarizes each lesson on the board with appropriate lesson evaluation.

Pupil’s Activities – The pupils participate actively in the summary of the lesson by responding correctly to the questions and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

 

NEXT LESSON

Work in progress 

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Teacher asks pupils to,

 

1. state the components of civic education.

2. explain the meaning of democracy.

3. state 3 common practice in democracy.

4. define community.

5. mention 5 things in your community.

6. explain the meaning of community’s values.

7. state 5 community’s values.

 

 

10 questions at random is OK for the test.

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

Choose the correct answer from the options A – C. 

1. ________ is the voice and will of the people.

A. Community

B. Nationality

C. Democracy 

 

2. In democracy, the people decide how government is run by ________.

 

A. Voting

C. Election 

C. Rule of law

 

3. The government is designed for the people and by the people.

A. True 

B. False

C. Maybe

 

4. ________ are different ways to work together as citizens despite our issues and differences.

A. Democratic practice

B. Community’s values

C. Free and fair election

 

5. Through democratic practice, the voice and the will of the people are not guaranteed.

A. True

B. False 

C. Maybe

 

6. ________ is a system of choosing and replacing the government by voting in an election.

A. Free election

B. Fair election

C. Freehand fair election

 

7. ________ is when all the citizens are able to vote for the candidate of their choice.

 

A. Free election 

B. Fair election

C. Freehand fair election

 

8. ________ is when all votes have equal power and they are counted accurately.

A. Free election

B. Fair election

C. Freehand fair election

 

9. ________ are the affair of the community or nation and how it is managed.

A. Politics and civic life 

B. Civic life

C. Politics

 

10. ________ are the activities that deal with people in groups and other forms of power.

A. Politics and civic life

B. Civic life

C. Politics 

 

11. ________ are the affairs of the community and nation.

A. Politics and civic life

B. Civic life 

C. Politics

 

12. ________ are the privilege enjoy by the citizens of a country.

A. Rule and regulations

B. Human rights 

C. Rule of law

 

13. ________ describes the equality of all the citizens before the law.

 

A. Rule and regulations

B. Human rights

C. Rule of law 

 

14. The rule of law is apply unequally to all citizens.

A. It is true.

B. It is not true 

C. Maybe, it is true

 

15. ________ is the sharing of power between legislative, executive and judiciary.

A. Check and balance

B. Separation of power 

C. Duties and responsibilities

 

16. ________ is the use of one branch of government to check and prevent other branches from abuse of power.

A. Check and balance 

B. Separation of power

C. Duties and responsibilities

 

17. ________ is an social place where people live and community.

A. Nation

B. Community 

C. School

 

18. The community is well structured and organized environment that’s based on ________.

 

A. Promise

B. Life

C. Values

 

19. ________ are generally acceptable standard of beliefs about what is good for the community.

A. Separation of power

B. Check and balance

C. Community’s values

 

20. State 5 values that are acceptable in the community.