THEME – CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT
TOPIC 1 – CONSTITUTIONS AND CONSTITUTIONALISM
2. Copies of the Nigerian Constitutions
3. Constitution of clubs and societies
By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. define constitution.
2. identify the sources of a Constitution.
3. discuss the scope of a constitution.
4. explain the features of a constitution.
5. mention the types of constitution.
6. explain constitutionalism.
CONTENTS OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF CONSTITUTION
A constitution is the rules of law, written or unwritten that determine how the government is organized, how powers are shared and exercised by the organs of government.
SOURCES OF A CONSTITUTION
A convention is an agreement between parties (states or nations) for regulation of matters affecting all of them based on common consents.
2. Customs and Traditions
Custom is an acceptable way of something or acceptable manner of behaving in a particular society.
Customs and traditions form the basis in the constitution.
3. Act of Parliament
Act of Parliament is body that passes, amends and creates new laws. For example, the national assembly.
4. Judicial Precedents
Judicial precedents are also known as jurisprudence.
Judicial precedents are the used of previous cases to resolve the reoccurring or repeated cases.
5. Academic Research and Opinions
6. Military Decree and Edicts
Decree and edicts are is a supreme law made by the military government in the federal and state level.
Decrees are used by the military at the federal level, while edicts are used by the military at the state level.
7. National and International Conferences
National and international conferences are the meeting of the eligible members of a state or international members to resolve and harmonize issues that affect their existing.
SCOPE OF A CONSTITUTION
1. Ideal and purpose
2. Declaration Citizen’s rights and duties
3. Distribution of power
4. The basic structures of Government and their functions
5. Methods of amendment
FEATURES OF A CONSTITUTION
6. Separation of power
7. Independence of the judiciary
9. Equity, freedom and Justice are guaranteed.
TYPES OF CONSTITUTION
1. Written and Unwritten constitution
Written constitution is a constitution that is documented in form of a book while unwritten constitution is not documented.
2. Flexible and Rigid Constitution
Flexible constitution is a constitution that is easy to amend while rigid constitution is not easy to amend. It must be followed the due process before anything can be changed.
3. Unitary and Federal Constitution
Unitary constitution is the constitution designed for unicameral legislation where all the power are concentrated on the central government while federal constitution is designed for bicameral legislation where powers are share between the central government and other smaller governments. For example – Nigeria.
4. Democratic constitution
Democratic constitution is a constitution designed for the will people to decide or choose their representatives as authorized by law.
5. Republican and Monarchical constitution
6. Presidential and parliamentary constitution
Constitutionalism is the laws or constitution that governed the authority of the government(s). It means according to the laws or as stated in the constitution.
1. leads discussion on the Constitution as it applies to a country, clubs, societies, etc.
1. Contribute to discussion mentioning rules and regulations of their clubs and society.
2. Take notes.
Teacher asks students to,
1. Name the sources of a Constitution.
2. What are the areas covered by the Constitution?
3. Differentiate between Constitution and Constitutionalism.