TOPIC: How to Grow Crops – Tuber
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor):
- Give examples of crops;
- Narrate and demonstrate the processes involved in raising crops;
- Raise seedling of some tuber crops;
- Identify safety signs, labels and symbols on agricultural inputs.
The pupils are required to already have learned how to grow crop – grain.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
- School farm; Farm tools e.g. machetes, hoes, hand trowel, etc.;
- Planting materials and inputs such as seeds of vegetables e.g. potato & yam sets, cassava cuttings;
- Fertilizer/manure pesticides;
- Charts of safety signs and symbols;
- Samples of labels.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Material
- Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
TUBER CROP – A tuber crop is part of the plant that grows beneath the soil’s surface.
EXAMPLES OF TUBER CROPS
- Sweet Potato
PROCEDURE FOR RAISING FARM CROPS
- Pre – Planting Activities
- Choice of a suitable site;
- Land clearing and stumping;
- Selection seedlings;
- Panting locally grown crops on ridges and beds in the school farm;
- Planting (spacing 1m x 1m), around June (rainy season or around October for dry season, planting season or around October).
- Post – Planting Activities
- Watering, Mulching, thinning and supply;
- Application of fertilizer/ manure;
- Staking (where applicable);
- Application of pesticides;
- Harvesting of manure crops.
- Post – Harvest Activities
Safety Signs, Symbols, and Labels such as:
- Skull and crossbones;
- Chemical warming labels;
- Treated seeds;
- Veterinary drugs;
- Implements; etc.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Guides pupils to raise tuber crops during the growing season;
- Supplies appropriate tools and planting materials;
- Pupil’s activities – Bring the required farm tools from home.
- Takes pupils to the school farm and maps out the area to use for the year;
- Allows pupils to prepare land themselves;
- Pupil’s activities – Prepare the land for planting; carry out planting activities as directed by the teacher; plant seeds in the nursery and transplant to field.
- Guides pupils in identifying and explaining safety signs, labels and symbols on agricultural inpute before and during planting, harvesting activities including safe handling of treated seeds, veterinary drugs, implements, etc.;
- Pupil’s activities – Pupils keep farm records.
- Pupil’s activities – Care for the farm themselves.
- Gives a board summary.
- Pupil’s activities – Copy board summary.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- List three crops grown in your area;
- State the various activities involved in growing a named field crop;
- Demonstrate how to plant yam;
- Care and maintain the school farm;
- Harvest crops when mature; Keep records of farm activities performed;
- Explain 2 safety signs or symbols on agricultural inputs;
- Bring 2 labels on agricultural inputs.