# Mathematics Guides for JSS 3 Algebraic Processes

MATHEMATICS

THEME – ALGEBRAIC PROCESSES

###### TOPIC 1 – FACTORIZATION

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

2. Flash cards of word problems

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. factorize simple algebraic expressions.

3. solve word problems involving factorization

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Factorization of expressions of the form:

• ax + ay
• 3m + pq + 3p + mp
• a² – b²
• a² + 2ab + b²

2. Word problems involving factorization.

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

1. Guides students to factorize the simple algebraic expressions.

3. Guides students to translate word problem into algebraic expression.

4. Leads students to factorize resulting algebraic expression .

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

1. Factorize the given simple algebraic expressions.

3. Translate given word problems into algebraic expression.

4. Factorize the resulting algebraic expression.

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. factorize given algebraic expressions.

3. translate given word problems into algebraic expressions and factorize.

MATHEMATICS

THEME – ALGEBRAIC PROCESSES

###### TOPIC 2 – SIMPLE EQUATIONS INVOLVING FRACTIONS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Flash cards of simple equations showing fractions.

2. Flash cards of simple squares involving fractions.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. solve simple equations involving fractions.

2. solve simple word problems on simple equations involving fractions.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Simple equations involving fractions.

2. Word problems leading to simple equation involving fractions.

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

1. Leads students to solve problems on simple equations involving fractions.

2. Guides students to translate word problem leading to simple equations with fractions.

3. Leads students to solve the resulting algebraic equation.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

1. Solve given problems on simple equations involving fractions.

2. Translate each word problem to algebraic equation.

3. Solve the resulting equation.

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. solve given problems on simple equations involving fractions.

2. translate given word problem into algebraic equation and solve them.

MATHEMATICS

THEME – ALGEBRAIC PROCESSES

###### TOPIC 3 – SIMULTANEOUS LINEAR EQUATIONS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Tables of values, Ruler, Graph board, Pencil, Flash cards with simultaneous linear equations.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. compile table of values for simultaneous linear functions.

2. solve problems involving linear simultaneous equations in two variables graphically.

3. solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using elimination method.

4. apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

5. solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using substitution method.

6. apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Compilations of table of values.

2. Graphical solution of simultaneous linear equations in two variables.

3. Solution of simultaneous linear equations using elimination method.

4. Solution of simultaneous linear equations using substitution method.

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

1. Guides students in calculating the values of a linear equations for different values of the variables and present their solutions in a table.

2. Guides students to plot the points for the two linear equations on the same axes.

3. Leads students to locate and read points of intersection of the two graphs as the solution of the equations.

4. Leads students to solve simultaneous linear equations in two variable using elimination method.

5. Guide students to apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

6. Leads students to solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using substitutions methods.

7. Guides students to apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

1. Compute linear equations for different values for the variable.

2. Present calculated values in tabular form.

3. Plot the points for the two linear equations on the same axes.

4. Locate and read points of intersection of the two graphs as the solution of the equations.

5. Solve given simultaneous linear equations using elimination method.

6. Apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

7. Solve given simultaneous linear equations using substitution method.

8. Apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. compute table of values for given linear functions.

2. solve a given simultaneous equations in two variables graphically.

3. solve given simultaneous linear equation using elimination method.

4. solve given simultaneous linear equations using substitution method.

MATHEMATICS

THEME – ALGEBRAIC PROCESSES

###### TOPIC 2 – SIMULTANEOUS LINEAR EQUATIONS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Tables of values, Ruler, Graph board, Pencil, Flash cards with simultaneous linear equations.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. compile table of values for simultaneous linear functions.

2. solve problems involving linear simultaneous equations in two variables graphically.

3. solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using elimination method.

4. apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

5. solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using substitution method.

6. apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Compilations of table of values.

2. Graphical solution of simultaneous linear equations in two variables.

3. Solution of simultaneous linear equations using elimination method.

4. Solution of simultaneous linear equations using substitution method

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

1. Guides students in calculating the values of a linear equations for different values of the variables and present their solutions in a table.

2. Guides students to plot the points for the two linear equations on the same axes.

3. Leads students to locate and read points of intersection of the two graphs as the solution of the equations.

4. Leads students to solve simultaneous linear equations in two variable using elimination method.

5. Guide students to apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

6. Leads students to solve simultaneous linear equations in two variables using substitutions methods.

7. Guides students to apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

1. Compute linear equations for different values for the variable.

2. Present calculated values in tabular form.

3. Plot the points for the two linear equations on the same axes.

4. Locate and read points of intersection of the two graphs as the solution of the equations.

5. Solve given simultaneous linear equations using elimination method.

6. Apply elimination method to solve problems involving real life activities.

7. Solve given simultaneous linear equations using substitution method.

8. Apply substitution method to solve problems involving real life activities.

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. compute table of values for given linear functions.

2. solve a given simultaneous equations in two variables graphically.

3. solve given simultaneous linear equation using elimination method.

4. solve given simultaneous linear equations using substitution method.