Meal planning means making a careful plan of meals with adequate balanced diet for different situation such as for an individual, family and friends, restaurants, wedding, naming, birthday, anniversary, festival and so on.
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
explain the meaning of meal planning and eating for healthy living.
discuss the importance and guidelines for healthy living.
state factors influencing meal planning.
identify the right food for the three meals of the day.
Food and Nutrition
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
Chart showing the food groups
Charts on food nutrients
Charts showing various meal plans
Simple menu cards
METHOD OF TEACHING
Questions and answers
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Materials
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
GUIDELINES FOR HEALTHY EATING
Maintain regular eating routine.
Eat a whole lot of natural foods.
Eat just in right amounts, neither more nor less.
Consume seasonal fruits.
Avoid excessive consumption of salt, spices, fats, sugars and sweets.
Eat carbohydrates that supply plenty of fiber.
Eat variety as it ensures supply of all essential nutrients.
Maintain desirable weight and health.
EFFECTS OF WRONG MEAL PLANNING AND EATING HABIT
Tigh blood pressure
Heart disease and stroke
Problems with Conceiving (for women) – this is because of large stomach.
FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN PLANNING MEALS
Nutritional needs – vary with age, sex and daily activities.
Time, energy and money
Personal like and dislike
Religion, traditions and customs
Occasions – wedding, naming, anniversary, festival, etc.
The facilities and help available
Food availability and climate
GUIDELINES FOR MEAL PLANNING
As in factors to consider in planning a meal
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
State the importance and guidelines for healthy eating;
Pupil’s Activities – Participate in class discussions.
Explains factors that influence meal planning;
Explains the effect of wrong meal planning;
Pupil’s Activities – Explain the effects of healthy and unhealthy eating habits.
Mentions the guidelines in meal planning;
Plans meals with pupils;
Pupil’s Activities – Write a menu card.
Gives a board summary.
Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
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