SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (SSS 1)
THEME: BASIC CONCEPTS
PREVIOUS LESSON – Agricultural Science Plan Lesson Notes for Senior Secondary Schools – SSS 1
TOPIC – AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
1. Meaning/Definition of Agricultural Development
2. The Roles of Government in Agricultural Development
3. Meaning/Definition of Agricultural Polices and Programmes
4. Major Agricultural Policies and Programmes
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
1. State the role of government in agricultural development.
2. Explain agricultural policy and agricultural programme.
3. Discuss past and present Agricultural programmes and policies of government.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of copy of the Nigerian Agricultural Policy and flyers of some agricultural programmes and projects.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. National Curriculum SSS Classes
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agricultural development is defined as the process that creates the conditions for the fulfilment of agricultural potential. Those conditions include the accumulation of knowledge and availability of technology as well as the allocation of inputs and output.
ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
The roles of government in the development of agriculture include the following:
1. Provision of credit facilities.
2. Provision of subsidy for agricultural input.
3. Provision of basic infrastructures/amenities.
4. Make tenure systems more favourable to the farmers.
5. Agricultural education
6. Agricultural extension services.
7. Developing the sustainable, climate-resilient economic and financial inclusion of young people in profitable agribusiness.
8. Conversation, improvement and utilization of available resources in agriculture.
9. Agricultural policies and programmes (review of past and present e.g. OFN, ADP etc.
MEANING/DEFINITION OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND PROGRAMMES
Agricultural policy is a statement of action and a fundamental tool employed in achieving agricultural development.
Agricultural programme, on the other hand is a comprehensive plan that includes objectives to be attained, specifications of resources required and stages of work to be performed.
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES
Five (5) major agricultural policies were introduced in the period between 1972 and 1985. They include:
1. National Accelerated Food Production Programme (NAFPP) 1972 – 1973
The policy goal of NAFPP was to make Nigeria self-sufficient in food production. Consequently, land reform and mass literacy policies were recommended for farmers.
2. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) 1976 – 1980
The policy goal of OFN was to increase food production on the premise that availability of cheap food would lead to a higher nutritional level which, in turn, would affect national growth tremendously.
3. Green Revolution Programme (GRP) 1981 – 1983
The policy goal of GRP had the dual purpose of curtailing food importation through boosting crop production, and promoting big mechanised farming.
4. Go Back to Land Programme 1983 – 1985
Go Back to Land Programme was aimed at making farmers out of all Nigerians.
5. A restoration of the elements of NAFPP after the military coup in 1985.
Two years after Go Back to Land programme, in 1985, another regime took over power through a coup and introduced the Directorate of Food, Roads, and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI) to facilitate rural development.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Guides students to identify roles of government in agricultural development.
Student’s Activities – Identify roles of government in agricultural development
3. Guides the discussion on Nigerian Agricultural policies and programmes (past and present).
Student’s Activities – Actively participate in the discussion on Nigerian Agricultural policies and programmes (past and present).
4. Plans a field trip to ADPs.
Student’s Activities – Participate in a field trip to ADPs.
5. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Student’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask students to:
1. Mention five agricultural policies and programmes.
2. Discuss any two agricultural programmes of government.