Meaning and Kinds of Food | Reasons for eating Food Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

HOME ECONOMICS

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 10

PRIMARY 4 

THEME – HOUSE CARE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Care of the Bathroom and Toilet | Practical Cleaning of the Bathroom and Toilet Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

TOPIC – KINDS OF FOOD 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Food

3. Common Food in Our Locality

4. Kinds of Food

5. Reasons for Eating Food

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES  

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. define food.

2. mention kinds of food.

3. state reasons for eating food.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

 

1. Charts on food groups.

2. Real food items.

3. Charts on food nutrients, sources and functions.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF FOOD 

Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.

There are different kind food.

Some are in solid form while others are in liquid.

 

COMMON FOOD IN OUR LOCALITY 

 

1. Solid foods 

Example of solid foods are rice, bean, eba, fufu, etc.

 

2. Liquid foods 

Liquid foods are pap, custard, tea, juice, etc.

 

3. Fruit foods 

Fruits are in both solid and liquid forms.

 

REASONS FOR EATING FOOD

We eat foods for the following reasons,

1. for daily energy.

2. for protection against diseases.

3. for clear vision.

4. for growth.

5. for cleansing.

6. for social activities.

 

LESSON 2 – KINDS OF FOOD AND THEIR SOURCES 

1. BODY BUILDING FOOD

Food that helps the body to grow and repair the worm out tissue is called protein.

Protein is a body building food.

Source of body building food includes – bean, meat, fish, eggs, cheese, milk, etc.

 

3. ENERGY GIVING FOOD 

 

Energy giving foods are known as carbohydrate. It keeps the body warm and energy to the body.

Source of energy giving food includes – yam, rice, bread, garri (eba), cocoyam, etc.

 

4. BODY PROTECTOR FOOD 

Vitamins and minerals are body protector foods. They fight against the diseases in the body.

Source of body protector food includes – fruits, vegetables, milk, eggs, liver, fish, etc.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Asks pupils to define food and states reasons for eating of food.

Pupil’s Activities – Define food and states reasons for eating of food.

3. Guides pupils to state common foods in our locality.

Pupil’s Activities – State common foods in our locality.

4. Discuss different kinds of food.

Pupil’s Activities – State different kinds of food with appropriate examples.

5. Summarize the lesson on the board.

Copy short notes on daily cleaning of rooms.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Food Nutrients | Sources of Food Nutrients Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Home Economics

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

 

1. Define food.

2. Give 3 reasons for eating food.

3. State 3 examples each of:

  • Solid food
  • Liquid food
  • Fruit food

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _______ are substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.

A. Water

B. Food

C. Rice

 

2. Food substances are _______ and _______.

A. Bread and bean

B. Food and water

C. Solid and liquid

 

3. _______ and _______ are good examples of food.

A. Rice and beans

B. Bread and tea

C. A and B

 

4. _______ is a energy giving food.

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

5. _______ is a body building food.

 

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

6. _______ is fight against the diseases in the body.

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

7. Which of these is an _______?

A. Rice

B. Beans

C. Water

 

8. Which of these is a _______?

A. Rice

B. Beans

C. Water

 

9. Which of these is a _______?

A. milk

B. Beans

C. Water

 

10. Vitamins and minerals are _______.

 

A. body building food

B. energy given food

C. protective food

 

11. Energy giving food are known as _______.

A. body building food

B. energy given food

C. protective food

 

12. Protein foods are _______.

A. body building food

B. energy given food

C. protective food

 

13. Vitamins and minerals are energy given food.

A. True

B. False

 

14. Vitamins and minerals fight against the diseases in the body.

A. False

B. True

 

15. Food that helps the body to grow and repair the worm out tissue is called protein.

 

A. True

B. False

 

16. Protein is a protective food.

A. True

B. False

 

17. Source of body building food are bean, meat, fish, eggs, cheese, milk, etc.

A. True

B. False

 

18. Energy giving foods are known as protective food.

A. False

B. True

 

19. Energy giving food keep the body warm and energy to the body.

A. False

B. True

 

20. Source of body protector food includes fruits, vegetables, milk, eggs, liver, fish, etc.

 

A. False

B. True

 

 

 

 

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