Process Involved in Making Pit Composts | Different between Heap and Pit Composts Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – PREPARATION OF COMPOST AND MANURE

 

TOPIC – PROCESS OF MAKING PIT COMPOST 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Process of making Pit Composts

3. Different between Pit and Heap Composts

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. state process involved in making composts

2. make composts.

3. Attempt 70% (and above) of weekly assessment correctly.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Organic materials

2. Manure

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Basic Education Curriculum

Course Books

All Relevant Materials

Online Materials

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Compost and manure are used as a fertilizer for growing plants. The different between compost and manure is the content.

There are two methods of making composts and manure.

The following are materials needed for making composts –

 

1. Dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

2. Sewage

3. Farmyard waste

4. Sand dust (little)

5. Soil

6. Water

 

PROCESS INVOLVED IN MAKING COMPOST

PIT METHOD

1. Dig a dip pit

2. Spread dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

3. Add some ashes and animal dungs among dried plants.

4. Add water and cover with soil.

5. Leave for a or two month.

6. After a month or more, the dried plants would have decomposed into a black powdery manure.

7. Ready to apply to the farmland.

 

LESSON 2 – MAKING PIT COMPOSTS

Organize the pupils into groups, guide them to adequately mix up the organic materials, dig a dip pit and Bury these materials far away from the classroom to avoid bad odour.

 

DIFFERENT BETWEEN PIT AND HEAP COMPOSTS

1. PIT COMPOSTS 

 

Pit composts is done by digging a dip pit and burying compost materials in the soil to decay and moistened with water.

 

2. HEAP COMPOSTS

Heap composts is the method of making composts on open surface area.

 

PRESENTATION

• To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Displays all materials for making compost for the pupils to identify each material.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify organic materials and manure.

3. Groups the materials into organic materials and manure for the pupils to identify and differentiate between the two.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and differentiate between compost and manure.

4. Leads pupils to make a compost using one of the pit methods.

Pupil’s Activities – Follow the teacher’s introduction to make a compost using heap method.

5. Summary each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Food Processing | Importance of Food Processing or Why Farm Produce Should be Processed? Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

 

1. state 3 materials for making compost and manure.

2. differentiate between compost and manure.

3. differentiate between heap and pit composts.

4. make a pit compost.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ________ are used as a fertilizer for growing plants.

A. Compost

B. Manure

C. A and B

 

2. ________ are organic materials.

A. Dried leaves, soil, farmyard waste, etc.

B. Animal dungs

C. Decayed plants and animals

 

3. ________ are made of animals dung, faces  etc.

A. Manures

B. Composts

C. Decayed plants and animals

 

4. There are ________ methods of making composts and manures.

A. 2

B. 3

C. 4

 

5. The different between compost and manure is the content.

 

A. True

B. False

 

6. Manures are made of decayed organic materials such as leaves, grasses, etc.

A. True

B. False

 

7. Composts are materials from plants.

A. True

B. False

 

8. Manure are the animals dung, feces, urine, death animals, etc.

A. True

B. False

 

Use the following options – composts, manures pit composts, heap composts or organic materials to answer question 9 – 10.

9. ________ are used as a fertilizer for growing plants.

 

10. ________ are made of animals dung, faces  etc.

 

11. ________ are materials from plants.

 

12. ________ is done by digging dip pit and burying compost materials in the soil to decay and moistened with water.

 

13. ________ composts is the method of making composts on open surface area.

 

State 5 materials for making compost.

 

14. ________________

 

15. ________________

 

16. ________________

 

17. ________________

 

18. ________________

 

Mention the two (2) methods of making composts.

19. ________________

 

20. ________________

 

 

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