Colours – Various Colours Around Us | Components of Colour | Types of Colour | Production of Colours Primary 4 (Basic 4) and Primary 6 (Basic 6)

Last Updated on December 6, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

BASIC TECHNOLOGY 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM/PRIMARY 4

SECOND TERM/PRIMARY 6

WEEK 7

THEME: COMPONENTS OF OUR ENVIRONMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Mineral Resources in Nigeria | Benefits of Mineral Resources | Consequences of Over Exploration of Mineral Resources Primary 6 (Basic 6)

TOPIC: PRIMARY AND SECONDARY COLOURS 

LEARNING AREA 

1. The Component of Light (Rainbow)

2. Primary and Secondary Colours

3. Mixing of Colours

4. Materials that Produces Colours

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. separate white light into the component colours;

2. identify and name the colours of light (rainbow);

3. name objects that have characteristics of natural colours;

4. collect and list materials that produce colours;

5. sort primary and secondary colours from a collection of coloured plates;

6. identify characteristics of colour shades;

7. mix primary and secondary colours and identify the shades of colours produced.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

Different colours

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Glass prism

White screen or wall

A colour chart

Coloured plates or discs

Flowers

Leaves

Clay soil

Water

 

 

Mortar and pestle

Cardboard papers

Crayons

Water colour

Colour filter

Various coloured objects

Colour poster

Colour discs.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

MacMillan Basic Science and Technology Book 6

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I draw. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTORY QUESTIONS 

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils,

  • mention 5 different colours.
  • Display chart showing different colours for the pupils to identify and to identify colours of different objects in the classroom.

Pupil’s response – blue, yellow, green, red, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Note different colours mentioned by the pupils on the board and give a great cheer for quick response.

 

COMPONENTS OF LIGHT (RAINBOW) 

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart show all components of light for the pupils to identify and tell them the name of unidentified colours. For example, indigo and violet.

 

 

Pupil’s response – Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet

Teacher’s remark – Give a great cheer for quick response.

 

On board, copy as I write.

There are seven (7) colours in rainbow.

These colours are –

Red

Orange

Yellow

Green

Blue

Indigo

Violet

The colour of light are written as ROY G BIV for quick recall.

 

Quick Evaluation/Assignment

Drawing seven (7) circles for the pupils to paint with the seven (7) colours in rainbow.

 

LESSON TWO – PRODUCING KNOWN COLOURS FROM PRIMARY COLOURS

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing primary colours for the pupils to identify, draw three (3) rectangles and paint with the primary colours identified.

Pupil’s response – Identify, draw rectangles and pain with the three (3) primary colour.

Teacher’s remark – Give a great cheer for quick response.

 

On board, copy as I write.

There are two (2) types of colours – Primary and secondary colours.

The primary colours are REDBLUEYELLOW 

 

GROUP’S WORK 

Teacher’s Activities – Divide the class into 3 or 6 groups depending on the size of the class and each group the following sample of primary colours. Give the pupils, the following instructions:

1. Add RED and GREEN =

2. Add RED and BLUE =

3. Add GREEN and BLUE =

Pupil’s response – Based on the pupil’s activities, PURPLEGREENORANGE

Teacher’s remark – Give a great cheer for quick response.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Primary Colours – RedBlueYellow are called as primary colours. These colours cannot be produced through the mixing of other colours.

 

 

Secondary colours – Colours that are obtained by mixing other colours are called secondary colours, e.g. PurpleGreenOrange. 

 

LESSON THREE – COLOURS OF OBJECTS/LOGOs

Teacher’s Activities – Display sample or chart showing different logos for the pupils to identify each logo and their colours. For example, Nigerian flag – green white green.

Pupil’s response –

1. Nigerian flag – Green White Green

2. School’s uniform –

3. Lagos State Commercial Bus – yellow and black, BRT – light and deep blue, lagbus – red

4. Nigerian Police – Black, green or camouflage

5. Classroom Board – white or black board

6. Teacher’s Shoe – black or brown

7. School’s Buildings –

Teacher’s remark – For active participation, a great cheer for the pupils.

 

MATERIALS THAT PRODUCE COLOURS 

Teacher’s Activities – Display the following objects –

1. Kolanuts

2. Acalypha leaves

3. Lali

4. Ground leaves

5. Yam leaves

6. Cassava leaves

7. Millet Leaves

8. Bitter leaf

9. Ugu leaves

10. Water leaf

11. Hibiscus flower

12. Clay Soil, etc. for the pupils to identify and mention the produced by each object.

 

Other Plan Lesson Note on COLOUR – Colours – Various Colours Around Us, Components of Colour, Types of Colour and Production of Colours (Primary 4 and 6) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides the pupils to separate white light into its components, using glass prism;

Pupil’s Activities – Separate white light and identify the colours of light, using glass prism;

Pupil’s Activities – Use memory and (ROYGBIV) to list the colours of light (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet).

3. Uses the colour chart to help pupils identify various colours e.g. primary and secondary;

4. Provides pupils with coloured plates or discs and guide them to use it to blend the colours.

Pupil’s Activities – Sort coloured plates into primary and secondary colours

5. Takes pupils on a nature walk to collect materials that produce colours.

Pupil’s Activities – Collect materials that produce colours, e.g. kolanuts, acalypha leaves, bitter leaf, water leaf, clay soil etc.

 

 

6. Provides pupils with colour filters, coloured discs or plates.

Pupil’s Activities – Make and spin their coloured wheels to obtain different shades of colours.

7. Guides pupils to produce new colours by mixing two or more colours;

Pupil’s Activities – Mix different dyes to obtain various colour shades.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson –

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. separate white light into the component colours;

2. identify and name the colours of light; (rainbow);

3. name at least two objects that have characteristics of natural colours;

4. collect and list at least three materials that produce colours;

5. sort primary and secondary colours from a collection of coloured plates;

 

 

6. identify characteristics of colour shades;

7. mix colours and identify the shades of colours produced.

 

 

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