Soil – Meaning (Types) and Properties of Soil (Primary 2 and Primary 3)

Last Updated on September 5, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM/ PRIMARY 3/ WEEK 7

THIRD TERM/ PRIMARY 2/ WEEK 2

THEME – LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Animals As A Living Things (Primary 3)

TOPIC – SOIL 

LEARNING AREA

1. Identification of Soil

2. Types of Soil

3. Properties of Soil

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. mention different types of soil.

2. observe and describe the physical properties of soil types.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Uses of soil

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Samples of garden soil (clay, loamy and sandy soils)

2. Hand lens

3. Sieve

4. Filter paper

 

 

5. Containers

6. Funnel

7. Water

8. Hoe or shovel.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Takes the pupils outside the classroom within the school’s complete. Gather some soil and asks the pupils, what is this?

Expected response – This is soil. The pupils might mentioned sand.

 

MEANING O SOIL

Teacher’s Pupil’s Discussion – Meaning of Soil

Soil is the top layer of the earth.

Note – The term – earth maybe strange to the pupils. You can use GROUND.

 

 

TYPES OF SOIL

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Provides different types of soil and asks pupils to identify the difference in colour.

There are three types of soil,

1. Sandy soil – Light brown or bright white

2. Clay soil – Red

3. Loamy soil – black

 

LESSON TWO – PROPERTIES OF SOIL 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Discussions

 

COLOUR 

1. Sandy soil – light brown or bright white

2. Clay soil – Red

3. Loamy soil – black

 

TEXTURE

1. Sandy soil – loose

2. Clay soil – sticky when wet and hard when dry

3. Loamy – soft

 

PARTICLES SIZES 

1. Sandy soil – large or heavy particles

2. Clay soil – little or light particles

3. Loamy soil – moderate particles

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Identifies suitable sites in the school compound from where different soil types can be collected.

2. Take pupils to the identified sites in the school to collect soil samples.

Pupil’s Activities – Collect soil samples in the school or home environment.

3. Guides pupils name the different soil types.

Pupil’s Activities – Name different types of soil.

4. Guides pupils to observe and describe the colour, texture and particles size of the soil samples.

Pupil’s Activities – Observe and describe the colour, texture and particles size of the soil samples.

5. Teacher’s/Activities – Mould with wet sand and clay.

Pupil’s Activities – Compare clay soil and sandy soil.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. identify and name soil types as:

  • Sandy soil
  • Clay soil
  • Loamy soil

 

2. describe the physical properties of the soil types.

 

 

 

 

 

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