Subtraction of 3 Digit Numbers Without Remaining (Primary 2)

 

MATHEMATICS 

SECOND TERM  

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 2

THEME – BASIC OPERATIONS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Second Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Notes for MATHEMATICS Week 1 to Week 12 Primary Schools

TOPIC – SUBTRACTION OF 3 DIGIT NUMBERS WITHOUT REMAINING 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to subtract 3-digit numbers without exchanging or renaming.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Number beads.

2. Bean seed.

3. Cards, etc.

4. Charts on addition of 3-digit numbers without renaming, etc.

5. Counters such as sticks, bottle tops.

6. Addition cards.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION 

Pupil’s Activities 1 – Subtraction by Expansion (10 minutes) 

Sample

28 — 15

28 = 20 + 8 (—)

25 = 10 + 5

______________

13 = 10 + 3

 

57 — 35

57 = 50 + 7 (—

35 = 30 + 5

____________

22 = 20 + 2

 

Expand

1. 42 — 12

2. 74 — 43

 

Pupil’s Activities 2 – Subtraction by Arranging in Tens and Units (10 minutes) 

Sample

46 — 25

T U

4 6 (—)

2 5

____

2 1

 

59 — 35

T U

5 9 (—)

3 5

______

2 4

 

Arrange in Tense and Units

1. 44 — 12

2. 34 — 13

 

Pupil’s Activities 3 – Exercise/Take Home (20 minutes) 

Using expansion methods

1. 55 — 34

2. 35 — 25

 

Arrange in Tens and Units

3. 55 — 33

4. 63 — 11

 

LESSON TWO – EXPANSION OF 3 DIGIT NUMBERS 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 1 – Expansion of 3 Digit Numbers (10 minutes) 

Sample

152 = 100 + 50 + 2 = 1 Hundred + 5 Tens + 2 Units

365 = 300 + 60 + 5 = 3 Hundreds + 6 Tens +5 Units

 

Copy and complete the following. 

  1. 567 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units
  2. 765 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

  3. 765 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

  4. 765 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

 

 Pupil’s Activities 2 – Exercise/Take Home (20 minutes) 

  1. 729 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units
  2. 543 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

  3. 872 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

  4. 725 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

  5. 555 = _____ + _____ + _____ = _____ Hundreds + _____ Tens + _____ units

 

 

LESSON THREE – SUBTRACTION BY EXPANSION OF 3 DIGIT NUMBERS

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 1 – Working Examples

Sample

543 — 111

543 = 500 + 40 + 3 (—)

222 = 200 + 20 + 2

______________________

321 = 300 + 20 + 1

 

453 — 341

453 = 400 + 50 + 3 (—)

341 = 300 + 40 + 1

___________________

125 = 100 + 10 + 2

 

Pupil’s Activities 2 – Exercise/Take Home 

1. 446 — 234

2. 334 — 111

3. 345 — 234

4. 763 — 334

 

LESSON FOUR – ARRANGE IN HUNDREDS, TENS AND UNITS AND SUBTRACT 

Pupil’s Activities 1 = Arrange in H T U

Sample

123

H T U

1 2 3

 

436

H T U

4 3 6

 

Arrange in H T U

1. 323

2. 462

 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 2 – Arrange in H T U and Subtract 

Subtract 322 and 565

H T U

3 2 2 (—)

2 1 2

________

1 1 0

 

456 — 321

H T U

4 5 6 (—)

3 2 1

______

1 3 5

 

Pupil’s Activities 2 – Exercise/Take Home 

1. 723 — 201

2. 251 — 120

3. 321 — 213

4. 501 —100

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to solve subtraction problems of 3-digit numbers.

Pupil’s Activities – Solves subtraction of 3-digit numbers.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to subtract 3-digit numbers vertically without exchanging or renaming.