# Shape Construction with Paper | Materials and Cutting for Shape Construction with Paper Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 2 Week 11 Basic Science and Technology

### BASIC TECHNOLOGY

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4

THEME – UNDERSTANDING BASIC TECHNOLOGY

PREVIOUS LESSON – Measuring Time | Standard Units of Time | Instruments for Measuring Time Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 2 Week 10 Basic Science and Technology

### LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning of Shape Construction

3. Materials used for Shape Construction

4. Cutting Tools used in Shape Construction

5. Methods of Shape Construction

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

### PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. state the meaning of shape construction.

2. list materials used for shape construction.

3. identify and state tools used in shape constructions.

4. fold and bend cardboard to form an object.

### ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can construct fan, Kite, cube, cuboid, house, car, aeroplane, etc. with papers.

### INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Chisel

2. Snips

3. Scissors

4. Pliers

5. Hammer

6. Mallets

7. Cardboard

8. Sheet of metal

### METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

### REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

Relevant link – Shape Construction with Paper – ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 4)

### LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

Shapes can be flat and 2-dimensional, like a rectangle or a triangle.

However, shape construction is the making of different 3-dimensional shapes such as cylinder, cone, funnel, box, etc. using paper.

Materials can be reshaped by bending, folding, cutting or joining.

MATERIALS USED FOR SHAPE CONSTRUCTION

Materials used for shape construction are as follows:

1. Paper

2. Wood

3. Metal

Other materials in shape construction are cutting tools are scissors, cardboard, glue or gum, brush, plier, sellotape, clip and nails or pins.

SHAPES THAT CAN BE CONSTRUCTED WITH PAPER

Examples of shapes that could be constructed with paper are as follows:

1. A box

2. A cuboid

3. A cylinder

4. A cone

5. A funnel

6. A pyramid

### LESSON 2 – CUTTING TOOLS USED IN SHAPE CONSTRUCTION

The cutting tools used in shape construction are as follows:

1. Scissors

2. Plier

3. Chisel

4. Saw

5. Knife

6. Snips

### SHAPE CONSTRUCTION METHODS

There are different methods used in shape construction such as:

1. Folding

2. Bending

3. Cutting

4. Joining

The various materials used in shape construction will determine the type of method that will be used.

### LESSON 3 – SHAPES CONSTRUCTION WITH PAPER

TEACHER ACTIVITY

• Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
• Teacher guides and asks pupils in groups or pairs to construct any of the solid shapes using cardboard paper, sellotape and scissors – box, cylinder and pyramid.

### PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson.

2. Teacher displays sample of shapes constructed with paper. For example – box and cylinder.

3. Teacher lets pupils identify each of the shape and state other shapes that can be constructed with paper.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and name each of the shape displayed.

4. Teacher asks pupils in groups or pairs to describe the process of making each shape displayed.

Pupil’s Activities – Describe the process of constructing shapes with paper.

5. Teacher uses the pupils responses to introduction the lesson – shape construction with paper and discuss shape construction methods.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of shape construction with paper and their methods.

6. Teacher helps and asks pupils to state the materials used for shape construction with paper.

Pupil’s Activities – State materials used for shape construction with paper.

7. Teacher displays materials used for cutting in shape construction.

Pupil’s Activities – Observe the cutting tools displayed and describe.

8. Teacher demonstrates and guides pupils in groups or pairs to construct shapes such as cone, cylinder, box, cuboid with paper.

Pupil’s Activities – Watch the demonstration of how to construct shapes and construct shapes using cardboard.

9. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and writes as instructed.

### CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

### LESSON EVALUATION

1. explain the meaning of shape construction.

2. list 5 materials used for shape construction.

3. give 5 examples of shapes construct with paper.

4. state 5 tools used in shape constructions.

5. describe the following:

• folding
• bending
• cutting
• joining

6. differentiate between folding and bending with appropriate examples.